Performance Spaces in Thomas Chaundler’s <i>Liber apologeticus</i>


  • Elza C. Tiner Lynchburg College



Chaundler, university drama, performance


The manuscript of Thomas Chaundler’s Latin play Liber apologeticus de omni statu humanae naturae [Apology in defense of human nature in every state] with fifteen semi-grisaille illustrations, held at Cambridge University, Trinity College Library, was presented between 1457 and 1461 to Thomas Bekynton, bishop of Bath and Wells. As a presentation gift, the manuscript not only guides a contemplative reader in visualizing or recalling the scenes but also suggests places where the play might have been performed: 1) the ante-chapel at New College; 2) a room in the interior of the bishop’s palace at Wells; and 3) an area outside, with a view of the latter. 


Author Biography

Elza C. Tiner, Lynchburg College

Elza C. Tiner ( is professor of Latin and English at Lynchburg College, Lynchburg VA, where she has developed an undergraduate Latin programme and teaches courses in Latin, medieval literature, and composition. Her publications include Teaching with the Records of Early English Drama (Toronto, 2006) as well as articles about Latin sources for rhetoric in early drama and methods for teaching Latin. During the summers 2012-14, she was a visiting fellow at the Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies, Toronto, conducting research toward a book on medieval Latin and English sources for the legend of the fall of the angels.